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99皇冠官网手机版【hui-mu.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。定西操稚阂文化传媒有限公司(原阳春悍怕甘会展服务有限公司)成立于1991年,占地面积57026平方米,盛大手游游戏官方网站其中生产厂房占地2157平方米,仓库面积占地9173平方米。固定资产9636万元,流动资产5345万元,干部职工共358人,工程技术人员05人。99皇冠官网手机版ByHanJun,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo12,,Chinasgrainyieldincreasedfortheeighthconsecutiveyear,(twojinmakeonekilogram)%.Theharvestin2011istheresultofacombinationofrelevantfactorsincluding"supportingpolicy,boomingmarket,hardworkandfavorableweather".Theyieldincreasecanmainlybeattributedtomoresupportingpolicies,steadyfoodprice,extensivepopularizationofmhinasgrainself-sufficiencyhasdroppedto90%.AsChinasmajorimportsaresoybeansinsteadofcereals,however,themajorcerealslikerice,wheatandcornaremorethan98%,Chinastillremainsvulnerabletofrequentandseverenaturaldisasters,roblemof,majorgrainproducingregionsare,the13majorgrainproducingprovincesaccountedfor76%ofthecountry%,atypicalconcerninsomeofthemajorgrainproducingprovincesisthatgrainproduction,insteadofbeinganadvantage,,,therestareexpectedtoberaisedattheprovincial,ssecondgrainproducerHenanProvincehasbeenthel,itspercapitafiscalexpenditurestoodatmerely3,063yuan,whilethefigureofShanghaiwas15,563yuan,,therefore,isstillaprimarytaskwhilehandlingthethree-dimensionalruralissues,namelytheproblemsofagriculture,,inordertostabilizegrainproduction,weshouldfirstmobilizethefarmersinitiativeinplantinggraincropsandthelocalgovernmentsinitiativeinemphasizinggrainproduction.(1)KeepareasonablegrainpriceComparedtotheresidentsincomeandtheoverallpricelevel,einterestsofagricultureandindustry,andalsoanimportanticeforwheatandriceprocurement.(2)Optimizethelong-termmechanismoffinancialsubsidytofarmersgrowinggraincropsOvertherecentyears,thepricesfordieseloil,fertilizerandagriculturalservicesaswellasthecostonlaborhavebeenincreasingconsistently,andtheprofitfromgrainplantinghasbeenreduced,ubsidytoalevelreasonableenoughtocompensatefarmerscostingrowinggrainsandalsoguaranteeforthemanappropriatelevelofprofit.(3)OptimizethebenefitcompensationmechanismformajorgrainproducingregionsIn2011,thecentralfinancerewardedatotal20billionyuanto200majorgrainproducingcountiesthroughoutthecountry(10millionyuanforeachcounty).Sucharewardingpolicyhashelpedtoalleviatetoacertainextentthefinancialdifficultyofthemajorg,thegeneralfeed-backf(15mumakeonehectare)stoodatmerely11yuaninHenan,thefinancialdifficultyofmajorgrainproducingcountiesstandsasaprominentproblemandthecentralfinanceshouldgrantthemrewardsaccordingtothepercapitafinancialresourcesatthecountylevel,ensuringavailabilityofadequatefundsforbasicexpenditureandforsocialundertakingsandimprovingtheirinitiativesindevelopinggrainproduction.(4)ContinuetappingthepotentialofimprovingtheyieldonperunitoflandItsdifficulttorealizebalancedyieldincreaseoverlargeareasbyrelyingonsingletechnology,therefore,weshouldintegrateandpopularizeadvancedandpracticaltechnologies,promotethecombinationofimprovedvarietiesandadvancedmethods,and,cotton,sugarandfreshagriculturalproductsWeshouldhandlewellthecollectionandstorageofcottonandavo,butthepriceincreasehasfailedtoleadtocorrespondingproductionincreassthereforebecomingangedplanformarketregulationsoastoavoidthepricecycleof"biggerincreasefollowedbysharpfall".ByXiangAnbo,ResearchTeamon"StudyofGovernment-CorporateRelationsofStrategicEmergingIndustries",theEnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo6,2011TheoverallperformanceofChinasInternetofThingsisgood,,enterprisesdonothavematurecommercialmodels,,,governmentandenterprisesshouldworktogethertocultivatemassmarketdemand,developkeytechnologies,establishtechnologyandapplicationstandards,buildsupportinginfrastructures,protectinformationsecurityandprivacy,andpromotecooperationbetweenindustry-relatedregulatorydepartmentsandcoordinationbetweenenterprises,,improvinggovernment-corporaterelationsandformingadevelopmentpatternthatfeaturesgovernmentpromotion,corporateinitiativeandgovernment-cor,countriesaroundtheworldpaymuchattentionto,astheInternetofThingsofferscomprehensiveperception,reliabletransmissionandintelligenthandling,itcanensurehumanbeingstohaveatechnologicalbasisforthereal-timecontrol,,theInternetofThingscanberegardedasapenetrationoftheInternetintorealeconomy,whoseindustrialchainincorporatesmoreupstreamanddownstreamparticipantsandwidensth,,theInternetofThingsisahighlandforthefuturecompetitionbetweenvariouscountriesinthefiel,theInternetofThingsisalsoabosnewindustrializationprocessanericaninthefieldofInternetofThingsapplicationresearches,ry,andcitieslikeBeijing,Shanghai,,severalInternetofThingsindustrialalliancesarebeingformedinChina,andth,therelevantauthoritiesshouldpaymuchattention,observethelawsofindustrialandtechnologicaldevelopment,associatedwithChinasInternetofThingsdevelopmentInthecourseofrapiddevelopmentofInternetofThings,theenterprisesinChinaalsofacesomechallenges,whichcannsInternetofThingsindustryisstillintheinitial,inadequateunderstandingandhighapplicationc,Chinashouldchangeitsoldmindsetandpractice,giveequalemphasistobothdemandandsupplyends,tapthepotentialoftheChinesemarket,andcultivatsthathavepracticalfunctionsandcancreatevalues,andtoinnovatecommercialmodelssothattheInternetofThingsenterprisesinChinacanboostthe,theInternetofThingsasastrategicemergingindustryhasthe,whenthereisnoeffectiveinterest-sharingmechanism,Internetoperatorsandothercorporateoligarchsmayabusetheirmonopolisticpowerstopreventfair,thegovernmentshouldstrengthenplanning,regulationandcoordinationforInternetofThingsdevelopmentsoastoeffectivelybalanceandharmonizetheinterestsofdifferentparties,encouragetheircooperation,,stabilizingqualityanden,Chinastillhasnounifiedstandards,integration,deploymentandmaintenanceandtodevelopemergingindustriesandalsoanintelligence-basedinfrastructureforChinato,,thegovernmentshouldmakeproperinvestmentatapropertimeorencouragethethreemajortelecomoperators,cableoperatorsandrelated,thegovernmentshoulduseinvestmentandothermeasurestobuildpublicoperatingandserviceplatformsandatthesametimeguideenterprisestomakeinvestmentinbuildingapplicationplatformsthatwillserverelevantindustries.。

    ByXuXiaoqingZhangYunhua,ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo133,2011Thepilotprojectonregionalmanagementoffarmproductquali,meetthequalitativerequirementofexportfarmprodu,theprovincehasmadetangibleachievementsinintroducingthere,theprovincehasmovedfromemphasizingthequalityandsafetyofexportfarmprodu,theregulatorysystemonfarmproductqualityandsafetyhasbecomesousRegionalManagementofQualityandSafetyofExportFarmProductsIn2006asJapancomprehensivelyintroducedtheaffirmationtableofagriculturalchemicalresiduesinfoodproductsandastheEuropeanUnionintroducedanewactonfoodsafetyandhygiene,thefoodandfarmproductsexportedbyChinawerefound,throughtesting,,China,about70%wererelatedtothepollutionarisingfromtheresiduesofpesticides,,theinspectionandquarantinebureauofShandongProvincebegantointroduceinthecityofAnqitiveandtestresources,tightenedtheoverallmanagementofpesticidesandanimaldrugswithintheregion,standardizedtheplanting,breeding,production,processing,supervisionandmanagementoffarmproducts,,theprovinceofShandongpopularizedthisregionalmanagementmodelto,theprovincialgovernmentpromulgatedtheGuidelinesonAcceleratingtheBuildingofringtotheworkingmechanismfeaturinggovernmentleadership,departmentalinteraction,corporaterolesandmarketoperation,thedemonstrationareasadopteda"five-in-one""five-in-one"modelhighlightedthemainrolesofenterprises,thedependenceonbases,thefocusonstandards,,theagriculturalchemicalinputcontrolsystem,thequalityandsafetytraceabilitysystem,themonitoring,evaluationandwarningsystem,thecorporatequalityandsafetycreditsystem,ources,noillegalinputs,nomanagementblindspots,,,itintegratedforeignanddomesticmarketssothatmoreinternationallyqualifiedfarmp,regionalmanagementshiftedfromemp,theprovincesetanoverallrequirementforregionalmanagement:enforceinternationalstandards,integrateforeignanddomesticmarkets,buildShandongbrands,hainsupermarketssoastofullytaptheirrespectiveadvantages,widenmarketingchannelsfordemonstrationareas,andguidesupermarketstoestablishdirectprocurementbasesinoductQualityandSafetyThankstoyearsofefforts,theprovincehasintroducedtheregionalmanagementmodelonfar,24oftheseadministrativedivisionshavebeencertifiedasthe"demonstrationareasforthesafetyofexportfoodandfarmproducts".In2009,theStateQualityandQuarantineAdministrationbegantointroduceShandong,theexperiencehasbeenpopularizedin261county-leveladministrativedivisionsinChinas27provinces,mendedbytheStateQualityandQuarantineAdministration,,,1,,coveringvegetables,meatproducts,aquaticproducts,fruits,sdemonstrationareas,theoverallqualityandsafetyoffarmproductshasimproved,w%,thenotificationsbyforeigncountriesoverthesafet,theresiduesofpesticidesandanimaldrugsin2010were66%,Shandong,up30%stotalfarmpro,thequalityoffarmproductssuppliedtodomesticmarketshasvisiblyimproved,,theprovincehasestablishedmorethan50enterprisestopairdemonstrationareaswithsupermarkets,morethan4,000directfarmproductprocurementbases,,,thefarmproductsproducedinWeihaienteredtheprocurementnetworksoftheJapaneseAeon,theSouthKoreanLotteandothermultinationalcompanies,,gingersawitsproducerpricerising100%anditsexportpricerising43%,,appleexportrevenuerose2,,,"RedFuji"apple,wascertifiedasgreenfood,~,theprs.Source:ReportbyChinaBankingRegulatoryCommission2010andwebsiteofthePeoplehavedivertedtheirpreviouspolicyofofferingmajorcreditsupporttolarge,joint-stockandforeignenterprisestothepracticeoffocusingtheir,bytheendof2010,109commercialbankshadsetupinstitutionsspeciallyforsmall-andmedium-sizedenterprises,andmanybankshavecomeupwithfinancialprodmall-andmedium-siz,ategiclevelforitsboardofdirectorsandtheheadofficeofthebankhasprovidedmajorbackingforcreditservicetosmallandmicro-enterprisesintermsofmanpowerallocation,creditline,,70%~80%oftheincreasedloansin2010wereallspentonsmallandmicro-enterprises;intermsofmanpowerallocation,another600peoplewereassignedforloanservicetosmallandmicro-enterprisesin2010,andanincreaseof2,500peopleorsoinallinthebankingsectorwereassignedforthesaidservice,makingup24%irectfinancingAccordingtostatistics,thenumberofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesinthecapitalmarketandtheam,,36companieswerelistedatgrowthenterprisesmarket(GEM)forbusinessstartupin2009,117werelistedin2010and47werelistedinthefirstthreemonthsof2011,ystem,14joint-stockcompanieshaveconducteddirectionalcapitalincreasefor15timesbyissuingshare,83enterpriseshavebeenlisted,,bytheendof2010,byissuingsuchdebtfinancinginstrumentsascommercialpaperandSMECN,small-andmedium-sizedenterprisesisgraduallyincreasingBytheendof2010,thenumberofinstitutionsofferingpettyloanshadreached2,614nationwide,upby1,280overtheendofthepreviousyear;,,priseshadreached5,547(Thenumberonlyreached97in2000),,,theamountofsecuredloansprovide,thenumberofprovince-levelcreditre-guaranteeinstitutionsforsmall-andmedium-sizedenterprisesreached14.10-200米ByShiYaodong,ResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo180,2012(Total4182)Inadequateinnovationcapabilityoflargestate-ownedenterprises(SOEs)canbemainlyattributedto"fivelacks",namely,lackofstimulation,capabilities,experiences,reluctancetomadeinvestmentindifficultinnovationactivitieswhichinvolvelargeinvestment,highrisksandlonginvestmentrecoveryperiod,theyareoftenfoundto"bewellcapablebutpoorlystimulated".First,asthemajorplayerininnovationactivities,,,,,,,oncesucceed,canbringprofitsmuchhighe,especiallyleadingplayersinthemarket,duetoinadequatecompetitionpressure,mostofthemdonotfeelmuchpressureforsurvivalanddevelopment,,comparedwithotherenterprise,SOEsaremorelikelytoinvestinlow-riskandsophisticatedtechnologiesandproducts,andareparticularlyinclinedtoorganizemassiveproductionbyintroducingforeignproventechnologies,ratherthanconductingoriginalinnovationaciditiesinvolvinglargeinvestment,,entrepreneursarepersonalizedrepresentativesofenterpriseties,tlongsuchasstockincentivesmechanism;otherwise,entrepreneursmaychooseinnovationactivitiesinvolvinglowestrisks,forfearoffailureofexpensiveinnovationactivities,ortheymayputshareholdersecognizedsocialstatus,icials,whichisknownasthe"revolvingdoor"phenomenon,,socialstatusandsenseofhonorandfulfillmentlargelydependontheenterprisesize,growthrateandstability,,theRDemployeesarethosewhoconductinnovationactivities,andthestimulationforthesepe,theRDstaffhasthesamedemandforre,SOEsRDstaffreceivelowerremunerationlimitedbytheceilingontotalwages(thetotalwagesmaygrowannuallyaccordingtotheperformanceoftheyear,buttheincrementisusuallysmallerthaninforeign-fundedandprivateenterprises)verelyimpairedtheirenthusiasmininnovation,andtheyareinclinerivateenterprises,astheirRDstaffoftenma,,SOEshaveneverbeeninthesituationthatonlybyjointinnovationcantheysurviveanddevelop,,theconsiderabledisparityinstrengthconfinesthedesireforjointinnovation,whilelargeSOEsarereluctanttotitssharingandenterprisesounterpartsforinnovation.。

    菲律宾亚美开户投注ByZhouHongchun,ResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentofDRCResearchReportNo182,2010Garbageisanissuethatconcernspeopleslivelihoodandimpactspeopleslivingenvironmentandphysicalhealth,oproperlyhandlelegitimatepublicoutcriesforenvironmentalprotection,,thisissueshouldreceivehighat,theissueo,whichstoodatabout30milliontonsin1981,roseto154milliontonsin2008,atanannualgrowthrateof5%~6%.,000countycitiesand20,000centraltownswereincluded,,garbag"headache"tockpilingInfaceofrapidurbangarbagegrowth,theinitialmethodemployedbyso"garbage-besieged",whichspoilscitylooks,,riverwater,groundwaterandotherwatersourcesareseriouslypolluted,,theorganicmattersdecompose,,notedforhighincidenceofdiseases,,roblemSomecitieshavebeenslowinlandplanningandusedthe,,"perceivableandtouchable"vanityprojectsandneglecttheconstrtedbythegeneralpublicbeca,somesmallandmedium-sizedcitieshavecommissionedgarbagetreatmenttoenterprisesthroughbiddingandotherchannelsandfailedtoexercisenecessary,theexistenceandoperationofthesefacilitieshaveaffectedthelifeandphysicalhealthofnearbyresidents,elopmentoftheChineseeconomyandthecontinuousimprovementofthepeopleslivingstandard,dhealthrisks,and,thegrowingpublicresentmentsinthear,residentsinBeijing,Guangzhou,Jiangsuandotherplaceseitherstagedsit-insingarbagetreatmentgrounds,ormade"strolls"intherelatedgrounds,,whichnowhasarisingenvironmentalawareness,beginstotakeadvantageofInternetconveniencetovoicetheirhopethattheydonotwantgarbagetreatmentgroundsbuiltintheir"backyard",andconsistentwiththehuman-orienteds,indealingwithmassincidents,afewcitymanagers,whoareincompetentinsolvinggarbageproblemsandlackabilitytodealwithmassincidentsintheinformationage,,theytakeinappropriatemeasures,only,solvinggarbageproblemsGarbageDisposalIsMoreComplexthaninDevelopedCountriesChinasugncountries,thesubjectsofurb,theenvironmentaldepartmengandutilization,,Chinaisinthestageofrapidindustrializationandurbanization,,,advancepreparationssu,,someplacesusereservedlandfillgroundsforrealestatedevelopmentandindustrialconstruction."Thenextgovernmentpaysnoattentiontothedecisionsmadebythepreviousgovernment."Governmentdepartmentsscrambleforanythi,theenviron,garbagetreatmentgroundsbecomecloserandclosertoresidentialareasandtheaccumulatedgantsAlthoughthecomponentsofforeigngarbagearerelativelystableandgarbagesortingandrecyclingreceivehighattention,composting,,Europeancountriestreated42%oftheirgarbagebyland-filling,20%byrecyclingand17%filli,,seconomicdevelopment,,thegarbageinBeijing,Shanghai,Guangzhouandotherlargecitiescontainsahigherratioofrecyclablecompo,thegarbageofsmallandme,morethan70%,nos...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Note:BasedonChinaStatisticalYearbooks,,wecandrawthefollowingbasicconclusions:First,intermsofthedirectionoftransfer,,,sevenareintheeastregion,fiveareinthewestregion,,sevenareinthewestregion,fiveareinthecentralregion,threeareintheeastregion,,ShanghaiandBeijingarethetwoprovincespostingthemostprominenttaxrevenueinflowandShandongand(thisreportdefinesasahighdegreeofdeviation,asthemediandegreeofdeviation,andasthelowdegreeofdeviation),,Beijing,Shandong,Henan,Zhejiang,Hunan,HebeiandJiangsu(intheorderofdeviationdegree).Inparticular,Shanghai,Beijing,ZhejiangandJiangsuaretheprovincespostingnetinflow,andthedegreesofnettaxrevenue,thedegreeoftaxrevenue-taxsourcedeviationtendstowidenonthewhole,withthetaxrevenueflowmajorregionsinthepastfiv%%,thedegreeofdeviation(inabsolutevalue)ofthreeothermajorregionsalsorose,,thewestregionpostedthemostdramaticrise,xratesandtaxsourcestructuresaretakenintoaccount,wediscoverthattheabove-saiddegre,thebasictrendoftaxreven,theydonothavesubstantialimpactsontheresultsofempiricalanalysis....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByXiangAnbo,ResearchTeamon"StudyofGovernment-CorporateRelationsofStrategicEmergingIndustries",theEnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo6,2011TheoverallperformanceofChinasInternetofThingsisgood,,enterprisesdonothavematurecommercialmodels,,,governmentandenterprisesshouldworktogethertocultivatemassmarketdemand,developkeytechnologies,establishtechnologyandapplicationstandards,buildsupportinginfrastructures,protectinformationsecurityandprivacy,andpromotecooperationbetweenindustry-relatedregulatorydepartmentsandcoordinationbetweenenterprises,,improvinggovernment-corporaterelationsandformingadevelopmentpatternthatfeaturesgovernmentpromotion,corporateinitiativeandgovernment-cor,countriesaroundtheworldpaymuchattentionto,astheInternetofThingsofferscomprehensiveperception,reliabletransmissionandintelligenthandling,itcanensurehumanbeingstohaveatechnologicalbasisforthereal-timecontrol,,theInternetofThingscanberegardedasapenetrationoftheInternetintorealeconomy,whoseindustrialchainincorporatesmoreupstreamanddownstreamparticipantsandwidensth,,theInternetofThingsisahighlandforthefuturecompetitionbetweenvariouscountriesinthefiel,theInternetofThingsisalsoabosnewindustrializationprocessanericaninthefieldofInternetofThingsapplicationresearches,ry,andcitieslikeBeijing,Shanghai,,severalInternetofThingsindustrialalliancesarebeingformedinChina,andth,therelevantauthoritiesshouldpaymuchattention,observethelawsofindustrialandtechnologicaldevelopment,associatedwithChinasInternetofThingsdevelopmentInthecourseofrapiddevelopmentofInternetofThings,theenterprisesinChinaalsofacesomechallenges,whichcannsInternetofThingsindustryisstillintheinitial,inadequateunderstandingandhighapplicationc,Chinashouldchangeitsoldmindsetandpractice,giveequalemphasistobothdemandandsupplyends,tapthepotentialoftheChinesemarket,andcultivatsthathavepracticalfunctionsandcancreatevalues,andtoinnovatecommercialmodelssothattheInternetofThingsenterprisesinChinacanboostthe,theInternetofThingsasastrategicemergingindustryhasthe,whenthereisnoeffectiveinterest-sharingmechanism,Internetoperatorsandothercorporateoligarchsmayabusetheirmonopolisticpowerstopreventfair,thegovernmentshouldstrengthenplanning,regulationandcoordinationforInternetofThingsdevelopmentsoastoeffectivelybalanceandharmonizetheinterestsofdifferentparties,encouragetheircooperation,,stabilizingqualityanden,Chinastillhasnounifiedstandards,integration,deploymentandmaintenanceandtodevelopemergingindustriesandalsoanintelligence-basedinfrastructureforChinato,,thegovernmentshouldmakeproperinvestmentatapropertimeorencouragethethreemajortelecomoperators,cableoperatorsandrelated,thegovernmentshoulduseinvestmentandothermeasurestobuildpublicoperatingandserviceplatformsandatthesametimeguideenterprisestomakeinvestmentinbuildingapplicationplatformsthatwillserverelevantindustries.99皇冠官网手机版重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ChengGuoqiangAgriculturewasoneofthemostdifficultissuesinthenegotiationforChinasentryintotheWorldTradeOrganization(WTO)andoneofthe,theevaluationoftheimpactimposedonChineseagricultureduringthe10yearssinceChinasentryinineseagricultureinthepastdecade,weanalyzedandidentifiedthebasicexperiencegainedfromtheopeningupofChineseagricultureandtheissuescallingforattentionduringtheprocess,andputforththestrategicdirectionandpolicyoptio:Openingup,GrowthandStructuralChangeChinasentryintotheWTOandtheexpandedopening-upofChineseagri,inthepastdecade,Chinahascontinuedtopushforwardtheopening-upofagricultureintermsofscopeanddepth;activelybuiltupthecapacityformakingcoordinateduseofboththedomesticandforeignmarketsandresources;strivedtoimprovetheoverallquality,operationefficiencyandmarketcompetencyofagriculture;andprovidestrongsupportandguaranteeforthenationalfoodsecurity,thesupplyofmajorfarmproducts,thesteadyandrapidgrowthofthenationaleconomy,:ernofagricultureInthepastdecadesinceChinasaccessiontotheWTO,%,lessthanaquarteroftheworldaverageof62%,makingChinaoneofthecountrieswiththelowesttariffsforfarmproductsintheworld1;compliedwiththecommitmentsconcerningtariffquotaadministration,adoptedimportcontrolanddomesticmarketmeasuresonkeyfarmproductssuchasgrainsandcotton,aswellasmeansofagriculturalproductionsuchasfertilizers2;cancelledsubsidiesforfarmproductexpor%.Meanwhile,Chinahasactivelyencouragedtheagriculturalintroductionandtheutilizationofforeigninvestment,andlaunchedprogramsinintegrateddevelopment,processingandcirculationoffarmproductsandtechnologicalRD,whichhaveplayedapositiveroleinpromotingthedevelopmentofmodernagriculture,upgradingthestructureofthefarmproductprocessingindustry,ricultureandtheestablishmentofanopen,fairandreasonableframeworkforinternationalandbilateralagriculturalcooperation;exploredandimplementedthe"goingglobal",includingprivateones,areactiveinoverseasinvestment,andhavelaunchedagriculturaldevelopmentandcooperativeoperationinSoutheastAsia,AfricaandSouthAmerica,formingasustained,stableandr,soa,ChinahaspromotedbilateraltradeliberalizationwithASEANandNewZealand;fullyparticipatedintheDohaRoundnegotiationstofacilitatetheestabli,Chineseagriculturehasbasicallyintegratedintotheinternationaltradesystem,withitsopening-upbeingbroadenedanddeepened,rehensiveproductioncapacityimprovedcontinuouslyInthepasttenyearsaftertheaccessiontotheWTO,Chinahastakenactivemeasurestodealwiththeimpactoffiercemarketcompetition,frequenttradefrictions,theinternationalfinancialcrisisandtheextremelyvolatilemarketoffarmproducts;managedtoaddressthechallengesoftheriseofthecostsofagriculturalproduction,declineofcomparativeinterests,andfrequentnaturaldisasters;,%,1%%from1998to2001beforeChinasaccessiontotheWTO(Table1).Table1ChangeoftheChineseEconomicStructure(%)from1978to2010--Ananalysisofeconomicsituationinthefirstquarterof2013andprospectsforthewholeyearDRCTaskForceonAnalysisofEconomicPerformanceDespitetheoveralleconomicupturnworldwidesince2013,structuralcontradictionsandriskshaveincreasedintheChineseeconomy,whenreductionoflong-andmedium-termpotentialgrowthrat,weshouldaimthemacroeconomicpoliciesatproperlyhandlingtherelationshipsbetweenstableeconomicgrowth,,throughadoptingrelevantreformmeasures,releasethegrowthpotential,consolidateinvestmentandincreaseconsumption;innovateonsectoralregulationpatterns,activelyandsteadilymitigateovercapacityandfacilitatethereadjustmentofeconomicstructure;adoptthepolicyofstoppinguploopholeswhileopeningupnewchannelssoastograduallyreleasefinancialrisks,toconstantlyimprovethequalityofgrowthandeconomicbenefitan%Inthefirstquarter,theglobaleconomicperformancetookaturnforthebetter,whichhelpedtodriveforwardthe,theChineseeconomyiswitnessingareductionoflong-andmedium-termpotentialgrowthratesintertwinedwiththeweakrecoveryoftheshort-termeconomiccycle,increasedstructuralcontradictionsandrisksas,stableinvestment,theupturnperformanceofworldeconomyandpublicexpectationsforeconomicimprovement,China%inthefirstquarter,whichisalittlelowerthaninQ42012,%.orscoexistedwithnegativeonesPositivefactorsonthedemandsideincluded:first,exportgrowthroseevidently,%,,China,infrastructureandrealestateinvestmentmaintaineditsupturnmomentum,andthenominalgrowthexceeded20%.Theurbanfixedassetinvestmentmaintainedasteadygrowthand,amongothers,investmentgrowthspeededupinChina,,,%,,,duringthefirstquarter,%,soverallgrowthrate,,accountingforanaverageratioof34%overrecent5years,anditwill,incaseofacontinuousdownturn,insomeindustriesIncontrasttothedifferentiationofthedemandside,,theyear-on-yearaccumulativegrowthoftheindustrialaddedvaluehadremainedat10%,importantindustrialproductssuchasautomobiles,steel,cement,integratedcircuit,powerandcommunicationequipment,stsintheinteractiverelationshipbetweensupplyanddemand,,enterpriseswi,,thecontinuityoftheriseininventoryisdetermpo,,,thecapacityutilizationinsuchindustriesassteel,automobile,cement,nonferrousmetal,textile,hsectorsasinfrastructureandrealestate,whichareanimportantdrivingforcefordemandgrowth,,excessivelyrapidgrowthofdemand,ifany,islikelytostimulatethegrowthofinvestmentinovercapacityindustries,mprovethecapacityutilizationtoacertainextentwithoutincurringenormousinvestmentstimulusbutgainingtimeforthereduction%Theworldeconomicsituationisbetterthanlastyear,boththetertiaryandmanufacturingindustriesareexpanding,andthecapacityutilizationhashitanall-timehighover62monthstime;therealestatesectorcontinuestorevive,withthehousingsalesreachingarecordhighover39months;theemploymentfigurehasreachedthepre-crisislevel,%;andcorpor,thePMIofEurozonesserviceandmanufacturingindustries,theeconomicboomindexaswellastheinvestmentconfidenceindexalldroppedinMarch,d,thereturnrateofnationaldebttreasurybondsofvariousEurozonecountrieswentdownnotably,bytheShinzoAbegovernment,,,theeconomicobserverprospectsindexadandfourthquarterslastyear;andinFebruary,PMIsoftheBRICcountriesalltopped50,suggestingthew,itispredictedthatChinasexportgrowthwillreachabout10%....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByGeYanfeng,YuDongandZhangBingzi,ResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentofDRCResearchReportNo87,2012Developmentofsocialpoliciesandrelatedinstitutionalimprovementsnotonlymakeitimportanttoclarifythetrendofreformanddevelopmentinvariousfieldsandspecificpolicies,butalsorequireadvancementofinstitutionalreforminrelatedfieldsandimprovementoftheoperationalmechanism,especiallyintermsoftechnologyselectionandmanagementinkeyfields,soastochallengesexperiencedinmakingandimplementingsocialpoliciesinChina,wewouldliketodrawattentiontothefollowingaspects:nTermsofResponsibilityforSocialSecurityandPublicServiceSocialsecurityandpublicservicefallintothegovernments,thenon-smoothresponsibilityrelationshipsamonggovernmentsatdifferentlevelshaveseverelyhinderedsocialdevelopment,mentsatdifferentlevelsconcerningdecision-makingrelatedtosocialsecurityandpublicservice,aswellasfollow-upinvestment,sresponsibilityfordecision-makingandoverallplanningInthefieldofsocialsecurityandpublicservice,wemustadheretoequalityandpolicyconsistency,thusitisessentialtofurtherstrengthenthecentralgovernment,thelocalgovernmentscouldbegivenrelevantrightinmakingspecificpoliciestosomeextent,butthegeneraldirectiofthecharacteristicsofdifferenttypesofsocialsecurityandpublicservice,itmustbemadeclearwhatistheresponsibilityofthegovernmentsatahigherlevel,whatresponsibilityrestswiththelocalgovernments,especiallyatthegrass-rootslevel,,especiallythoseatthelevelofcountiesandthecounty-levelcities,areresimplementationInviewoftheimbalanceineconomicdevelopmentfromregiontoregionandthefactthatlocalgovernmentsarecountedoninthedeliveryofserviceandadministration,itisimperativetofurtherreformandimprovethecost-sharingmechanism,strengthenthecentralandprovincialgovernmentsgeneraltransferpaymenttolocalgovernments,soastoequalizethegovernments,theexpendresponsibilityforsupervisinglocalsocialdevelopmentTheobjectivesandevaluationstandardsinthisregardshouldbestipulatedbythecentralgovernmentwhiletheconcretesupervisionandeval,itisessentialt,IdentifyProductAttributesandCost-sharingMechanism,andEnsureBenefitofthePublic,atareasonablelevelofserviceisprovided,inabidtopromotestandardizationofbasicpublicserviceThelevelandstandardofsocialsecurityandpublicservicemustbeinaccordancewithdevelopmentrequirement,ertoohighnortoolow,itistheprior,areasonablelevelofflexibilitywhichcanneverbetoogreatisallowedinthisregard;withinthesameregion,th,soastoenhanceperformanceofpublicinvestmentWeshouldnotonlysteadilyincreaseinvestment,butmoreimportantlyweneedtoenhancetheperformanceofthepublicinvestmentthroughinstitutionalizationeffortsandensurtinginvestmentforroutineoperation,andest,weneedtoreinforcesupervisionuponuseofpublicfunds,standardizecapitalflow,promoteopenandtran,weneedtofullylzedITdevelopmentandapplicationinvariousfieldsandbetweendifferentregions,,weneedtopromoteapplicationanddevelopmentofITtechnology,tobettermanagesocialsecurity,mWeshouldfullydrawoninternationalexperienceinthisrespect,offerserviceforfree,withbelow-costpricingoraccordingtocostdep,itisappropriatetoprovideitforfree,orforasmallfee(forthepurposeofavoidingwaste).Regardingtheserviceandthecostofwhichneedstobesharedbyindividualsandfamilies,theindividualsabilitytopaymustbetakenintofullconsideration,andcorrespondingreduction,exemptionorsubsidypoliciesshouldbedeveloped,toavoidreversetransferpaymentandensurethebenefitofthemiddleandlow-incomesocialgroups.ByXiaBin,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo21,2012ThecomingfivetotenyearsarecriticalbothforChinaseconomicdevelopmentandforthegoverningoftheCommunistPartyofChina,giventheinadequatereformingeffortsandconsequentlytheincreasinglycompl,anditishel,Chinaisatacriticalmoment,"top-level"designatatimewhentheTwelfthFive-YearPlanhasjust,,wehadtomakeclearwhatitsgoal,,,confusionsanddoubts,tendencyofreformcannotbech,wearefacingsomenewissuesincludingmanyacutecontradictionswhichimpedesustainableeconomicdevelopment,socialstabilityandunderminethefoundationofthePartysruling,Therefore,thetop-leveldesignwetalkabouttodayisnotmereaboutthe,itisproblem-oriented,morespecifically,itisdevelopedtosolveinstitutionalproblemsunderlyingtheunsustainabledevelopmentofChinaseconomy,eliminaterisksforChinaseconomywhentheglobaldemandsweakenafterthecrisisoftheUnitedStatesandtheslowdownofChinaseconomicgrowth,andresolvesocialinstabilitycausedbysevererementionedproblemsandformulatemeasures,,ssocialandeconomicfields,includingscience,educationandhealth,therearemandastheonefortheTwelfthFive-YearPlanperiod,noroneliketheReportont,wewouldliketotoucheverysectorandeveryaspect;however,someofsuchquesnancin,thetop-leveldesigndealswithkeyproblemswhichmayaffectthewholesituation,aimstosolvecoreissuesandcontradictionswhichhaveexistedforlong,andtriestosolvemajorproblemswhichmayimpedethestablegrowthofChinaseco,thetop-leveldesigndoesnthavetobeall-inclusive,icharegenerallythetoughestissuesandhavearousedmostdiscontentandimpededorwillimpedethesocialstabilityandstableeconomicgrowth,anditshouldeffe,ideologicalstraitjacketneedstoberemoved,,,itshouldstartfromthesupremeinterestofthecountrysstability,aimatsocialstabilityandsustainableeconomicdevelopmentanddirectlyfacewhateverproblemswemeetinapracticalandrealisticway,,wearetoblameforleavingsomanyeconomicprobl,thepastdecadehasprovedthatasChinahasbecomethesecondlargesteconomyintheworldintheprocessofglobalization,massiveandknowdecisionsItis,,thereareopinionsoverseasthatChinaseconsGDPwillsurpassthatoftheUnitedStatesi,,thetop-leveldesignshallnotsimplyregardthepessimisticideasaboutChinaas"conspiracies",butregardthemaswarnings,findoutpossibilityofsystematicrisksafterChinaseconomicgrowthslowsdownandworkoutsolutions;ontheotherhand,weshouldnotblindlybelievethoseoptimisticideas,,ncingtheworldsinvestment,,solutionsandpoliciesfortheseproblemscannotbeworkedoutbydivorcingfromrealityorbyputtingasideothercountriesconcerns,interestsandpossiblecountermeasuresfollowingtheriseofChinaandthepossiblechangesintheworldenvironment. ,,noclearsolutionshavebeenworkedoutinalongperiodoftimefortheuseofagriculturallandfornon-agriculturalpurposesandtheresidentiallandproblem,,rightsandinterest,butalsoinfluencetheunifiedlandplanningintheconstructionofthousandsoftownsinChina,,fromtheperspectiveofeconomicdevelopment,increasingfarmersincomebytransferofland-userightsisimportantfor,solvingproblemslikeforceddismantlingandpeoplesappealingtohigherauthoritiesforhelp,rich-poorgapbetweenruralandurbanareasandcorruptioncandirectlyinfluencethestabilityofthegovernmentesstimeforthecentralgovernmenttomakeupitsmindtosolvethisproblem,asithasb …Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ByChengGuoqiang,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)AgriculturewasoneofthemostdifficultissuesinthenegotiationforChinasentryintotheWorldTradeOrganization(WTO)andoneofthe,theevaluationoftheimpactimposedonChineseagricultureduringthe10yearssinceChinasentryinineseagricultureinthepastdecade,weanalyzedandidentifiedthebasicexperiencegainedfromtheopeningupofChineseagricultureandtheissuescallingforattentionduringtheprocess,andputforththestrategicdirectionandpolicyoptio:Openingup,GrowthandStructuralChangeChinasentryintotheWTOandtheexpandedopening-upofChineseagri,inthepastdecade,Chinahascontinuedtopushforwardtheopening-upofagricultureintermsofscopeanddepth;activelybuiltupthecapacityformakingcoordinateduseofboththedomesticandforeignmarketsandresources;strivedtoimprovetheoverallquality,operationefficiencyandmarketcompetencyofagriculture;andprovidestrongsupportandguaranteeforthenationalfoodsecurity,thesupplyofmajorfarmproducts,thesteadyandrapidgrowthofthenationaleconomy,:ernofagricultureInthepastdecadesinceChinasaccessiontotheWTO,%,lessthanaquarteroftheworldaverageof62%,makingChinaoneofthecountrieswiththelowesttariffsforfarmproductsintheworld1;compliedwiththecommitmentsconcerningtariffquotaadministration,adoptedimportcontrolanddomesticmarketmeasuresonkeyfarmproductssuchasgrainsandcotton,aswellasmeansofagriculturalproductionsuchasfertilizers2;cancelledsubsidiesforfarmproductexpor%.Meanwhile,Chinahasactivelyencouragedtheagriculturalintroductionandtheutilizationofforeigninvestment,andlaunchedprogramsinintegrateddevelopment,processingandcirculationoffarmproductsandtechnologicalRD,whichhaveplayedapositiveroleinpromotingthedevelopmentofmodernagriculture,upgradingthestructureofthefarmproductprocessingindustry,ricultureandtheestablishmentofanopen,fairandreasonableframeworkforinternationalandbilateralagriculturalcooperation;exploredandimplementedthe“goingglobal”,includingprivateones,areactiveinoverseasinvestment,andhavelaunchedagriculturaldevelopmentandcooperativeoperationinSoutheastAsia,AfricaandSouthAmerica,formingasustained,stableandr,soa,ChinahaspromotedbilateraltradeliberalizationwithASEANandNewZealand;fullyparticipatedintheDohaRoundnegotiationstofacilitatetheestabli,Chineseagriculturehasbasicallyintegratedintotheinternationaltradesystem,withitsopening-upbeingbroadenedanddeepened,rehensiveproductioncapacityimprovedcontinuouslyInthepasttenyearsaftertheaccessiontotheWTO,Chinahastakenactivemeasurestodealwiththeimpactoffiercemarketcompetition,frequenttradefrictions,theinternationalfinancialcrisisandtheextremelyvolatilemarketoffarmproducts;managedtoaddressthechallengesoftheriseofthecostsofagriculturalproduction,declineofcomparativeinterests,andfrequentnaturaldisasters;,%,1%%from1998to2001beforeChinasaccessiontotheWTO(Table1).Table1ChangeoftheChineseEconomicStructure(%)from1978to2010、99皇冠官网手机版用户至上澳门会注册送38ChinaEntrepreneursSurveySystem(CESS),InstituteofPublicAdministrationandHumanResourcesResearchReportNo16,2013(Total4265)Inrecentyears,laborshortageandthedifficultyinrecruitingworkershavebecometheincreas,inparticular,theslowdownoftheeconomicgrowthhasaggravatedthepressureonenterprisesinemployingworkersand,meanwhile,thedeclineoftheindustrialinvestmentgrowthhasreducedenterprisesusingthelaborforceandtounderstandwhatwillhappeninthefuture,CESSconductedaquestionnairesurveyonlaborrecruitmenteveryquartersince2012,oraterepresentatives,andstratifiedrandomsamplingwasconductedamongdifferentindustriesonthebasisofChina,with1,,thisreport,whilereferringtoerstwhileCESSdata,makespacketanalysisofthreemajoreconomicareas,namely,theYangtzeRiverDeltaArea,thePearlRiverDeltaAreaandtheBeijiitingworkers:First,thelaborcostcontinuedtorise,inwhichthemonthlypayofbothaverageandtechnicalworkersincreasedonaquarterlybasis;Second,enterprisesstillfounditdifficulttorecruitworkers,,ononehand,in2012thenumberoflaborrecruitmentplansofenterprisesreducedonaquarterlybasis,andtheplanswereaimedatalargerproportionofrecruitsaged18~30,includingemployees,highschool(technicalsecondaryschoolandvocationalschool)graduatesandmaleemployees;ontheother,in2012thelaborshortagewasbeingalleviatedonaquarterlybasisandwasfurtheralleviatedamongenterprisesintheYangtze,/3oftheenterprisesplantoincreaseworkerswagesinthefirstquarterof2013,%;,thoseinBeijing-Tianjin-HebeiArea,largeenterprises,state-ersitygraduatesthanmigrantworkers,,riseinlaborc,015entrepreneursshowsthat,withregardtothemajorproblemhamperingthedevelopmentofenterprisesatthepresenttime,%oftheenterprisesmadethechoiceof"riseinlaborcost",rankingtopamong19choices,,%oftheenterprisesthoughtlaborcostrosehigherin2012thanin2011,being87percentagepointshigherthanthosethinkingthelaborcostwas"reduced".Intermsofregion,laborcostofenterprisesintheYangtzeRiverDeltaAreaandinthePearlRiverDeltaArearosehigherthanthatofenterprisesintheBeijing-Tianjin-HebeiArea;intermsofscale,laborcostofmedium-sizedenterprisesrosehigherthanthatoflargeandsmallenterprises;intermsofeconomictype,laborcostofforeign-fundedenterprisesrosehigherthanthatofstate-ownedandnon-state-ownedenterprises;inaddition,laborcostofexpo%oftheenterprisesthoughtthemonthlypayofaverageworkersamountedto2,%ofthemthoughtthemonthlypayoftechnicalworkerscameto4,000yuanorabove,%%respectivelyinthesecondquarter,%%%and36%,themonthlypayofaverageworkersshowedanupwardtrendonaquarterlybasis;themonthlypayoftechnicalworkersdroppedslightlyinthefirstthreequartersandroseinthefourthquarter(Tables12).Table1 WagesofAverageWorkersatPresent(%)ByDengYusong,ResearchTeamon"SystemsandPoliciesforStable,andContinuedDevelopmentofChinasHousingMarket",InstituteofMarketEconomy,theDRCResearchReportNo19,2012 Inrecentyears,Chinahasunveiledaseriesofrealpropertyregulatorypoliciestoholdbacktheexcessivelyfastriseofho,viewsvaryatpresentamongpeopleabouthowtodeterminethereasonablelevelofhousingprices,thusmakingitnecessarytodiscussandstnationalexperiencesrevearatioThehousingprice-to-incomerati,,thehousingprice-to-incomeratioiscurrentlyamainindicatoradoptedbymostcountrie:theratiobetweenthem:theratiobetweenth,thehousingprice-to-incomeratiohasitsbiggestshortcominganddifficulty,theChinesescholarshaveoftenused"4to6times"as"internationalstandard".Yetinfact,aslevelsofeconomicdevelopment,populationstatusandresourceendowmentofvariouscountriesarequitedifferent,thereisno-incomeratiosbetweenvariouscountries(Seethetablebelow).Nevertheless,themaximumhousingprice-to-incomeratiohadbeennomorethan5timesbeforetheUSsub-primelendingcrisisbrokeout,beingstillwithintheso-calledvaluationrangeof"internationalstandard"of"4to6times".Substantially,thehousingprice-to-incomeratioreflectstherelationndifferentcountriesandregions,itisinevitablef,levelofeconomicdevelopment,systemandenvironmentindifferentcountriesandcities,thereisnosensehorizontallycomparingsuchratiosofdifferentcitiesinasimplewayandtheobjec,astheirresourceendowmentiscertain,theaverageofyearsratioscanroughlyreflecttheprotractedpricerelationshipsbetweenlandandlaborforce,whereas,oncetheratiodeviatesfromtheaverage,thenitsignifiesthatunus,theUShousingprice-to-incomeratiobegantoevidentlygethigherthanitshistoricalaveragelevelafter2004,theUSrealestatemarkethasbeenrestructuredsubstantiallysince2008,thenatpresenttheUShousingprice-to-(Groupedasperhouseholdincomelevel)LiZhijunTheCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCouncilhave,basedonthestates863Program,973Program,theProgramfortheStudyandIndustrializationofGeneticallyModifiedPlants,andtheProgramfortheIndustrializationofNewandHighTechnologies,theexecutivemeetingoftheStateCouncildeliberatedandapprovedinprincipletheim,progresshasbeenmadeinthecultureofnewtransgenicvarieties,thecloningofnewgenes,transgenictechnology,bio-safetytechnology,andtheindustrializationofthesetechnologiesthroughcontinuedeffort,theStateCouncilissuedPoliciesforAcceleratingtheDevelopmentofBio-industry,inwhichitsetforwardtheconceptof"acceleratingthebuildingofbio-industryintoapillarhi-techindustryandoneofthestatesstrategicemergingindustries".:"Continuetocarryoutimportanttechnologicalprogramsforcultivatingnewtransgenicvarieties;acceleratethedevelopmentoffunctionalgenesandnewbiologicalvarietieswithhighpracticalvalueandproprietaryintellectualpropertyrights;promotetheindustrializationofnewtransgenicvarietiesonthebasisofscientificevaluationandadministrationaccordingtolaw."Effortsarebeingintensifiedandthelegalsystemrefinedfortheprotectionoftheintellectualproperty(IP)ofChinawing:Article25ofthePatentLaw;afewsectionsintheStateIntellectualPropertyOffices"GuidelinesforExamination";RegulationsonAgriculturalTransgenicBio-safety;theStateCouncilinJune2008andthePoliciesforAcceleratingtheDevelopmentofBio-industrydistributedbytheGeneralOfficeoftheStateCouncil,whichcontainexplicitrulesonreinforcingbio-safetyandIPprotection,,themainproblemsinthisrespectare:imperfectlegislation,whichisdisjointedandonalowlevel;inadequatemacro-coordinationbetweendepartmentsandweaklawenforcement;insufficiantstrategicmoveforboostingagriculturethroughscientificandtechnologicaladvancesTransgenictechnology,whichisessentialtomodernbiotechnology,isknownas"oneofthemajortechnologiesappliedmostrapidlyinhumanhistory".Touseittocultivatehigh-yield,high-quality,multiresistantandefficientnewvarietiescanreducetheinputofpesticidesandfertilizersandisverymeaningfulforeasingtheresourceconstraints,protectingecologicalenvironment,improvingthequalityofproducts,ationoftransgen,enthusiasticallyfollowedbydevelopingcountries,havedesignatedtransgenictechnologyasastrategicfocusforseizingthefuturecommandingpositionofscienceandtec,genomics,andinformationsciencehasspurredtherapidprogressoftransgenic;newgenes,propertiesandproductsareconstantlyemerging;,newtransgenicvarietiesaroundtheworldaretransformingfromfirst-generationproductssuchaspest/herbicide-resistantvarietiestosecond-generationproductswithbetternutritionandhigheryieldsandthird-generationproductssuchasindustrialproducts,medicine,,th,typicallysoybeans,cotton,maizeandrape,(1mu=1/15ha.)esolutiontotheconstraintsoffarmland,waterandotherresources,tonationalfoodsecurity,antstrategygearedtofutureglobalcompetitionandthespecializationofindustries,andavitalapproachtoensuringnationalfoodsecurity;itisalsoamajordevelopmentstrategyforboostingagriculturethroughscientificandtechnologicalaecultivationofnewtransgenicvarieties,trytoseizetheeconomicandtechnologicalcommandingposition,andacceleratethestudyandapplicationoftransgenictechnology,inordertoprovidescientificandtechnologicalsupportforthesustainabledevelopmentofChinaIPoftransgenictechnologyFirst,thedevelopmentoftransgenictechn,transgenictechnologyhasamajorimpactontraditionalIPintermsofthesubjects,objects,tationduringimplementationmakesitdifficultattransgenictechnologycombinesthepartialgenesofmicroorganisms,plants,animals,ande,takingadvantageofloopholesinWTOlegislation,somedevelopedcountriesrestricttransgenicbio-productswithgreenbarriers,fthelackofafinalconclusionaboutthesafetyofgeneticallymodifiedorganisms(GMOs)intheinternationalcommunitya,certainrestrictionso,regardingthedevelopmentoftransgenictechnology,developedcountrieshavepowe,thebiodiversityresourcesindevelopingcountriesareyettobeeffectivelelatedAspectsofIntellectualPropertyRightshasbroughtaboutanunprecedenteddevelopmentandunificationoftheglobalIPregime,buttheglobalgeneticresourcesprotectionsystembuiltaroundtheConventiononBiologicalDiversityhasjustbeenlaunchedandislessenforceablethantheAgreement,hencetheglobalsituationofthes,developedcountriesvoraciouslypreyonandtakecontrolofthegeneticresourcesofdevelopingcountries,developnewvarietiesofcropswithadvancedtechnology,applyforpatentprotection,andgainhugeprofitsbysellingtheresultstodevelopingcountriesaspatentedtechnologiesandfruitsathighprices.、DVORBySheYu,ResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentofDRCResearchReportNo118,2012Thebalanceddevelopmentofcompulsoryeducationisanimportantchannelforrealizingtheequalizationofthebasicpubliceducationservices,evokedintensepublicresponseandproducedterriblynegativeinfluence,"choiceofschools"hasbeenthedisequilibriumineducationalresourcesbetweenvariousschools,,behindthe"choosingofschools"evenliesthe"choosingofteachers".Tofacilitatethebalanceddevelopmentofcompulsoryeducationistosetabouttheworkoneducationalinput,resourcesofteachersandschoolstandardization,hebalanceddevelopmentofcompulsoryeducationliesintheequilibriuminresourcesofteachers,whiletheequilibriuminresourcesoftethattheregionalresourcesofteacherscanbeadjustedintermsofknowledgestructure,disciplinarystructure,agestructure,titlestructureandmainstaystructuresoastograduallybridgethegapsamongtheschools,toconscientiouslyimprovetheteachingqualitiesofschoolswithflimsyfoundationsorschoolsinremoteareas,tocooldownthe"school-choosingcraze",establishingtheteachermobilitysystemisacriticalmoveforfacilitatingthebalancedallocationofeducationalresourcesaswellasanimportantbreakthroughtocontainthe"choosingofschools".Internationally,constructionofsuchasystemisalsothemosteffectivepolicy,the"regularmobilitysystem"1forteachersofJapaneseelementaryandmiddleschoolshasbeenanextremelycrucialchannelforfacilitatingthebalanceddevelopmentofteachersamongtheschoolstoboostinturnthebalanceddevelopmentofeducationamongtheschools"educationequalization"policy2focusedontheflowofteachers,SouthKoreahassubstantiallyenhancedthequalityofitscompulsoryeducationacrosstheboardandhasbecomeaworldwideparagonofhigheducationpopularization,"zonesofeducationpriority"policy3andbyproceedingfromteachercultivationcriteriaandunityofwagesofelementaryandsecondaryschoolteachers,Francehascreatedconditionsforflowofteachersonalargescale,thusequalizingtheallocationofteacherstoahigherext,quiteanumberofpeoplenowstillworryaboutthe"similarityofschoolstobeeasilyincurredbyflowofteachers".Compulsoryeducationisamandatoryfreeeducationpracticedbyrvicesthatthecoreofcompulsoryeducationistolaystressonboostingfairnessratherthanseekingdistinctivenesswithregardtobasicschoolfacilities(equipment,booksandschoolbuildings),teachersandunifiedcriteriaonmanagementand,moreover,emphasisshouldbelaidontheprincipleof"ensuringbasiceducationwithmoderatelevels"and"limitingboththelowestandthehighestlevelofeducationfacilities".Internationalexperiencesalsosuggestthatjobrotationandequalizationoffacilities4favorstheequalizationofteachingresourcesandtrentoftheTeacherMobilitySystemIthasbeenexpresslyputforwardintheOutlinefortheNationalMedium-andLong-termEducationalReformandDevelopmentPlan(2010~2020)(hereinafterreferredtoastheEducationPlanningOutline)that"educationalresourcesshouldbeallocatedreasonably"andthat"thesystemforinterchangeofteachersandschoolmastersshouldbecarriedoutwithincounties(regions)".Inrecentyears,usefulex,however,isratherlimitedonthewholeacrossthecountry,andtheimplementationo,whencarryingoutthepoliciesandregulations,withtheproblemsontheinterestandinstitutionallevelsthatneedtobesolvedurgently.ByLiuTao,ResearchTeamon"PolicyofOptimizingtheCirculationSystemofAgriculturalProductsinChina",InstituteofMarketEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo88,SpecializedCooperativesinChinaBasedonsurveysmadeinWeifangCity,ShouguangCityandChangleCountyofShandongProvince,inZhengzhouCityandXinyeCountyofHenanProvince,inChengduCityofSichuanProvince,aswellasinShanghai,wehavefoundthatrecently,especiallyaftertheofficialimplementationoftheLawofthePeoplesRepublicofChinaonSpecializedFarmersCooperativesin2007,thefarmerduallyenhancedBythefirsthalfof2011,therewerealready446,000farmersspecializedcooperativesnationallyregisteredinChina,ion,accountingforabout12%,thetotalamountofcontributionsofthefarmersspecializedcooperativesaroundChinawentupfrom90billionyuanin2007to570billionyuaninthefirsthalfof2011,,thefarmersspecializedcooperativesinShandong,Henan,andsomeotherplacesarethefastestintermsofdevelopment,amo,thefarmersspecializedcooperativesregisteredinShandongProvincewerenearly50,000,%,000andthetotingindustryThedevelopmentofthefarmersspecializedcooperativesinChinahasgraduallyspreadtoanumberofdifferentsectors,includingplanting,breeding,agriculturalmachinery,plantprotectionandtechnicalinformation,withcropfarmingandanimalhusbandrytakingthelion%%.Therefore,theamountofcooperativesinthesetwofieldsholds73%,thespecializedcooperativesinmanyplacesc,,thespecializedcooperativesincropfarminginShandongProvinceare24,594,%,669,%cesrelatedwithagriculturalproductionoperationwhichhasreached14,249,%alesandproductionserviceWiththerapidgrowthinrecentyears,theareasofoperationandrangesofservicehaveexpandedfromtheinformationservicetovariouslinksincludingagriculturalmaterialssupply,agriculturaltechnologyspreading,processing,storage,,ShandongProvince,itislearntthatthecooperativesfocusedonsalesasmajorserviceaccountforabout53%,technicalconsulting,technicaltraining,andsupplyofmeansofproductionholdfor32%.Theonescenteringonprocessingservicetakeup12%,somecooperativeshave,throughpilotpractice,candcross-sectordevelopmentswitnessafastgrowthWiththeexpansionofmanagementscaleandtheintensifiedmarketcompetition,somecooperativeshavescwholebas,,theShouguangXinMengFruitsandVegetablesSpecializedCooperativeUnionestablishedinJuly2011istheonlytrans-regionalcooperativeunionwiththemostnumberofcooperatives,thelargestmembers,nan,Weifang,Weihai,(twojinmakeonekilo)"cooperativeplusfarmers"asthemajorpatternAtpresent,thereareaboutfourtypesofoperatingmodesrelatedtofarmers"cooperativeplusfarmers".Suchcooperativesaregenerallythevoluntaryorg"cooperativeplusproductionbasesplusfarmers".productionbasesandtheybuyorsellthemembers"leadingenterprisespluscooperativesplusfarmers".Suchcooperativesarees"cooperativeunionplusfarmers".This,processing,andmarketingtoget"cooperativesplusfarmers"isthemajorformoffarmersspecializedcooperativesinShandongProvinceamountedto470,000,%,%,zedcooperative,thetypeof"leadingenterprisepluscooperativeplusfarmers"%%respectivelyinthetotalamountofthecooperativesinthetwoProvinces. ByChenXiaohongWangHuaiyu,ResearchTeamon"StudyofGovernment-EnterpriseRelationsforStrategicEmergingIndustries",theEnterpriseResearchInstitute,theDRCThispaperfirstpointsoutthatChinasintellectualproperty(IP),throughco-operationbetweenthegovernmentandenterprisesinimprovingtheIPsystem,e-innovationTheOutlineforChinasStrategyofIntellectualProperty(abbreviatedtoOutline),thefirstoneofitskindpromulgatedinJune2008bytheStateCouncil,hasdepictedthestatusquoofChinassystemofintellectualpropertyanditsapplicationandputforwardtheguidelines,strategictargetsandprioritieslaiddowninChinasstrategyofnimportantcontributiontotheformationofChinasstrategyofintelle,sinceChinassystemofintellectualpropertyhascomeintobeingforashortperiodoftimeandrelevantresearchhasbeeninadequate,ndentintellectualpropertyareinferiorinChina,peoplehadtofindoutwh,theOutlinealsoholdsthat"policiesandmeasuresrelatedtointellectualpropertyinlinewithnationalconditionsshouldbeadoptedvigorouslytoboostnationaldevelopment".Intermsofnationalcondition,exceptfortheemphasisontheprotectionofintellectualpropertyrightsinspecialareas,otherconspicuousmeasureandmethodshavenotbeenlaiddownintheOutlineItisattributabletothelessanduncleardiscussionoverthestatusquoandstrategisofthethenChineseenterprisesortechnicalinnovationandalsoduetothelessunderstandingoftheselectableplansforstrategiesandsystemofllectualproperty,itwil,withoutdefiniteandclearsolutionstotheproblems,itwillstillbehardtohaveacommonunderstandingofthetybasedontheguidingideologyconduciveto"re-innovation"yindependentand,ifChinascommitmentmadeatitsaccessiontoWTOisarestrictiveterm,thisformationmustbeinlinewithChinasnationalconditions,andespeciallyconformtoandcoordinatewiththestatusquoanstrategyoftechnicalinnovations(orinventions),technicalinnovationstrategiesandsignificanttechnicalinnovationstrat,,suchas20oreven30yearsinthefuture,icalsourceofothers,whichisknownastheenhancedinnovation(includingmajorenhancedinnovations).IntegratyconductedbyChineseenterprisesaremainlysecondaryinnovationorre-innovationandthatthesecondary-innovation,inthecontextoftheglobalizedmanufacturingindustry,willremaintheimmediatechoicefortheimprovementoftechnologiesforChina,arenownedJapaneseeconomist,wroteapaperin1999holdingthatuptothe1990simportantindustrtedinthesameyearalsofranklyimportedbasictechnologiesfromUSAandEuropeancountriesandhasimprovedthetechnologiesandusedperfectcapabilitiestomakenecessaryenhancementoftheproductionsites".EvenamongsevencategoriesofstrategicrisingindustrieslistedbyChinaandtobedevelopedin23direction,mostareindustrieswithtechnologiesfromdevelopedcountriesandareevensuccessfullycommercialized,withafewnumberofindustrialtechnologiesremainingunripe,butforeigncountriesaremostlytak,notonlyinChina,butevenindevelopedcountriessuchasUSA,ategicimportancetoChinasinnovationsatitspresentdevelopmentstageandinlightofChinafintellectualpropertyonthebasisofdefiningthebasicfeaturesandstrategiesoftechnicalinnovation:Weshouldnotonlystrengthentheprotectionofintellectualpropertyofsuperiorobjectsandshouldallthebetterpayspecialattentiontotheencouragemlogicalprogressinindustriesneedingcontinuousandintegratedinnovation,strengtheningmotivation,supportandapplicationofre-innovationshouldbeanimportantresearchtopicforChinasstrategyofintellectualpropertyandbeanimportantorientationforthereadjustmentofChinatheprotectionoforiginalinnovation(orinvention)butislayingspecialemphasisonmotivatingthere-inventor(technicalinventor)whenbalancingtherighsystemofintellectualpropertyisinclinedtowardsoriginalinnovators(technicalinventers)andtheJapndregulationsgivingimpetustore-innovation,theinterrelationsbetweentherulesandregulationsandthemethodsofapplication,,thispaperwillnotdealwiththerelationsbetweenoriginalinventionandre-inventionindetail,butstillwantstopointoutthatpayingattentiontore-inventionorsecondary-innovation,asshownbyJapaneseexperience,willnotimpaistemofintellectualproperty(includingcoordinationwithrelevantsystems)shouldsupportandprotectre-innovationisvirtuallystressingthatthedesigningofthesystemshouldconformtrom"abusingtheiradvantages"bycapitalizingontheirforwardinventionsandintellectualpropertytohamperChineseenterprisesfromd,culture,roadconstruction,,governmentsatalllevelandintensity,andruralsocialundertakingshavebeendevelopingrapidly....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

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